Python Viewer Control#

Similar to ViewerElements, Nerfstudio includes supports a Python interface to the viewer through which you can:

  • Set viewer camera pose and FOV

  • Set viewer scene crop

  • Retrieve the current viewer camera matrix

  • Install listeners for click events inside the viewer window


First, instantiate a ViewerControl object as a class variable inside a model file. Just like ViewerElements, you can create an instance inside any class which inherits from nn.Module and is contained within the Pipeline object (for example the Model)

from nerfstudio.viewer.server.viewer_elements import ViewerControl

class MyModel(nn.Module):  # Must inherit from nn.Module
    def __init__(self):
        # Must be a class variable
        self.viewer_control = ViewerControl()  # no arguments

Get Camera Matrix#

To get the current camera intrinsics and extrinsics, use the get_camera function. This returns a nerfstudio.cameras.cameras.Cameras object. This object can be used to generate RayBundles, retrieve intrinsics and extrinsics, and more.

from nerfstudio.viewer.server.viewer_elements import ViewerControl, ViewerButton

class MyModel(nn.Module):  # Must inherit from nn.Module
    def __init__(self):
        def button_cb(button):
            # example of using the get_camera function, pass img width and height
            # returns a Cameras object with 1 camera
            camera = self.viewer_control.get_camera(100,100)
            if camera is None:
                # returns None when the viewer is not connected yet
            # get the camera pose
            camera_extrinsics_matrix = camera.camera_to_worlds[0,...]  # 3x4 matrix
            # generate image RayBundle
            bundle = camera.generate_rays(camera_indices=0)
            # Compute depth, move camera, or whatever you want
        self.viewer_button = ViewerButton(name="Dummy Button",cb_hook=button_cb)

Set Camera Properties#

You can set the viewer camera position and FOV from python. To set position, you must define a new camera position as well as a 3D “look at” point which the camera aims towards.

from nerfstudio.viewer.server.viewer_elements import ViewerControl,ViewerButton

class MyModel(nn.Module):  # Must inherit from nn.Module
    def __init__(self):
        def aim_at_origin(button):
            # instant=False means the camera smoothly animates
            # instant=True means the camera jumps instantly to the pose
        self.viewer_button = ViewerButton(name="Dummy Button",cb_hook=button_cb)

Double-click Callbacks#

We forward double clicks inside the viewer to the ViewerControl object, which you can use to interact with the scene. To do this, register a callback using register_click_cb(). The click is defined to be a ray that starts at the camera origin and passes through the click point on the screen, in world coordinates.

from nerfstudio.viewer.server.viewer_elements import ViewerControl,ViewerClick

class MyModel(nn.Module):  # must inherit from nn.Module
    def __init__(self):
        # Must be a class variable
        self.viewer_control = ViewerControl()  # no arguments
        def click_cb(click: ViewerClick):
            print(f"Click at {click.origin} in direction {click.direction}")

Thread safety#

Just like ViewerElement callbacks, click callbacks are asynchronous to training and can potentially interrupt a call to get_outputs().